Revista Cubana de Anestesiología y Reanimación
versão ISSN 1726-6718
LIMA AGUIAR, Junior M et al. Need of thorax X-ray film after deep venous approach in children presenting with heart disease. Rev cuba anestesiol reanim [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.3, pp. 198-204. ISSN 1726-6718.
Introduction: Thorax X-ray film may be potentially missed in some cases after insertion of a central venous catheter when physicians apply an appropriate technique, a good clinical criterion and a deep discrimination of cases. Objective: To determine if it possible to omit of thorax X-ray film after the central venous approach. Method: In a observational, descriptive, analytical and prospective study authors included 72 children candidates to elective cardiac surgery previous informed consent and the approval of the Ethics Committee. After anesthesia induction a 3-5 cm intercapsular wedge was placed. Head was placed in central and extended position, Trendelemburg 15º. At level of cricoid cartilage the right and carotid pulse was localized and lateral to it the puncture of internal jugular vein was made. Trocar was directed in a 45º angle towards the ipsilateral breast. The catheter was introduced by the classic Seldinger technique. The location in the atriocaval junction during the opening of right atrium was confirmed. In the intensive therapy service the anteroposterior thorax X-ray film was made signaling the complications until its arrival. Results: In all the cases the catheter remains placed in a proper way and without complications related to position. Conclusions: The systematic use of a control thorax X-ray film it is not necessary after the central venous approach according the technique described in present paper.
Palavras-chave : Central venous approach; thorax-X film; right anterior via; internal jugular vein.