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Revista Cubana de Anestesiología y Reanimación

versão On-line ISSN 1726-6718

Resumo

SANCHEZ TAMAYO, Marcelino et al. Anesthetic approach on a pediatric patient with hereditary microspherocytosis. Rev cuba anestesiol reanim [online]. 2020, vol.19, n.1, e539.  Epub 30-Jan-2020. ISSN 1726-6718.

Introduction:

Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a hemolytic anemia of frequent occurrence, in which there are qualitative or quantitative defects of some erythrocyte membrane proteins that lead to the formation of sphere-shaped red blood cells, which are osmotically fragile, and that are selectively trapped and destroyed in the spleen, with variable and more frequent incidence in patients with European descent.

Objective:

To describe the clinical and anesthesiological behavior of a pediatric patient with a diagnosis of hereditary microspherocytosis electively programmed for a surgical procedure.

Development:

A clinical case of a school-age patient with a diagnosis of hereditary microspherocytosis was presented. The patient underwent conventional elective total splenectomy. Pain was as the main sign on palpation to the left hypochondrium. The case was conducted with total intravenous anesthesia, with good surgical clinical results, using propofol at a rate of 3 mcg/mL and ketamine at 0.2 mg/mL. The strategy was based on five key aspects: avoid hypoxia, hypothermia, acidosis, reduce blood loss, as well as proper control of postoperative pain. Associated with the above-mentioned, close monitoring is essential, as these patients may manifest hemolytic and aplastic crisis.

Conclusions:

The perioperative management of the patient with hereditary spherocytosis depends on the severity of the clinical status, the anemia and its repercussion, and the degree of hemolysis. Total intravenous anesthesia is a safe technique for the treatment of patients with hereditary spherocytosis.

Palavras-chave : hereditary microspherocytosis; splenectomy; intravenous total anesthesia.

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