versão ISSN 1727-8120
The Globalization process implies a necessary communication to be posible to carry it out. It could be said that this communication has become possible in our days through the English languaje, because it is the language of the business of the technical-scientific advences and its literature, as well as of many of the massive means of communication. It is necessary to wonder if this globalization phenomenon is something originated in this concrete historical moment or it is a tendency that has antecedents in the past. Then the purpose of this work is to analize How in the course of the humanity has existed an expansion of certain languages related with political and economical factors of the world supremacy. It is carried out a historical review that compaises since the Greek world until the XX century. Besides it is offered a panorama of the development of the linguistic, philosophical and pedagogical theories in the different stages of the history. It is showed that since Hellenic civilization until the present time processes of universalization of the language of the dominant powers have been developed in some atages in a total way an in others, partially according to the well-known world in those periods. It is concluded that the globalization of the language is not a current phenomenon, but historical, that the two philosophical positions (materialism and idealism) have impacted in the linguistic and pedagogical theories present in all studied historiacal period and It is remarkable the postmodernist position of the communicative focus of the teaching English and its first world tendency
Palavras-chave : CULTURE.