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Humanidades Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1727-8120


PENA GALBAN, Liuba Y; MENA FERNANDEZ, Magalys; CARDOSO HERNANDEZ, Jorge  y  PLACERES COLLOT, Maritza. Marx's Theory on Humanism. XXI Century Perspectives. Rev Hum Med [online]. 2007, vol.7, n.2. ISSN 1727-8120.

The term Humanism has been used to name all theories that hold, as main principle, the respect to the human being. This word has an undisputable historical signification. Medicine as a profession starts from understanding men as biopsychosocial beings. Men constitute its main point of attention. Humanism is Medicine's philosophical conception, and it is also a demand of the medical practice. This work intends to illustrate the development of humanist thought in Latin America and Cuba through its greatest exponents and to outline this projection in the Cuban Public Health. With Marxism, humanism gained a proletary profile, all subhumanizing mechanisms of capitalism were clearly seen, and the possible ways of improvement were indicated. Humanism is a philosophical conception in which men are its centre, as well as people's dignity, capacities and possibilities. In the Latin-American Marxist thought there have been strong manifestations of authenticity when men like Mella, Mariategui, Che or Fidel have used the possibilities or mechanisms of analysis offered by the dialectic Marxist concept of history to interpret its respective circumstances and try to transform them. Humanism is strongly fused to liberty, solidarity and internationalism as human values. The humanistic projection of public health has the purpose to elevate gradually the community's health, so that it may contribute to the improvement of life quality, services; the satisfaction of the population and that of the health personnel; the improvement of management and the elevation of the National Health System efficiency

Palabras clave : HUMANISM; COMMUNISM; LATIN AMERICA; public health.

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