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Humanidades Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1727-8120

Resumen

TOBON, Flor Ángela; LOPEZ GIRALDO, Luis Alirio  y  FERNANDO RAMIREZ, Jhon. Psychosocial accompaniment from human ecology toyoung marginalized people to prevent drug dependence. Rev Hum Med [online]. 2013, vol.13, n.2, pp.348-371. ISSN 1727-8120.

Introduction: A qualitative analysis of the psycho-social support to young people in situations of vulnerability from human ecology is presented for 12 months between 2010 to 2011; using participatory evaluative pedagogical techniques. These are an alternative to create reflective spaces with the purpose of enhancing resilience in communicative relationships and working in respect. Objective: to generate well-being, prevent drug abuse and contribute to the health promotion. Material aids and methods: the thematic background was reviewed, 100 students between 11 and 19 years of two public schools in vulnerable conditionswere selected; four reflective workshops and four playful practices were developed and three focus groups with students, teachers and parentswere conducted. Results and discussion: the social context of the manipulated population reveals sexual abuse problems, domestic violence and violent events in the neighborhood by illegal armed groups, among others, which constitutemajor risk factors for drug abuse. Conclusion: It can be inferred that the psychosocial factors impact on drug dependence, affecting the coexistence of the population studied by multiple causes of the psychological, socio-cultural, economic and political order, ranging from cultural consumption to food security.

Palabras clave : prevention; pedagogic strategies; human ecology.

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