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Humanidades Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1727-8120

Resumen

SIMS RODRIGUEZ, Marianne; RAMIREZ LEYVA, Daymaris; PEREZ CASTRO, Katia  y  GOMEZ GARCIA, Karel. Psychological intervention in senior citizens with depression. Rev Hum Med [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.2, pp.306-322. ISSN 1727-8120.

Introduction: Biological, psychological, financial and social changes observed during aging lead to think that there is a series of factors that favor the appearance of depression in senior citizens. Objective: Assessing the effectiveness of a psychological intervention in order to reduce depression in senior citizens from "Dr. Diego Tamayo Figueredo" Senior Citizens' House, Puerto Padre, from November 2013 to May 2014. Material and methods: A psychological intervention study was conducted on a sample of 12 senior citizens from the house. A psychological intervention program as well as the Geriatrics Depression Scale were applied before and after the intervention in order to make the assessment. The Beck's cognitive-behavior model was used. Data was processed according to descriptive statistics. Results: The highest percentage of patients corresponded to a group of seniors between 60 and 90 years of age. Regarding sex, males are more common. Bronchial asthma, arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus represented the highest percentage of personal pathological history. Conclusion: The psychological intervention proved to be effective since initial established depression levels were reduced to minor and those considered as minor were reduced to no depression ; therefore, it is stated that its application modified the state of mind of the senior citizens involved in the sample.

Palabras clave : depression; senior citizens.

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