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Humanidades Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1727-8120

Resumen

TORRES ROMO, Ubaldo Roberto; FERNANDEZ FRANCH, Neyda; LOPEZ LAZO, Sarah Estrella  y  LIZA HERNANDEZ, Oscar. Pertinence in the use of the clinical case as a didactic tool in biomedical basic sciences. Rev Hum Med [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.2, pp.354-368. ISSN 1727-8120.

Productive teaching methods train students to solve problems similar to those they will face in their work life. The objective of the paper is to argue pertinence in the use of the clinical case as a didactic tool in biomedical basic sciences teaching by means of a task system that deals with the contents of the Blood Physiology subject in the Blood and Immune System subject matter of the medicine degree. Clinical cases enable the link between biomedical basic sciences and clinical sciences. Their use contributes to basic sciences students' approach to the study of the latter during their medical training. Learning is achieved through its solving process; the introduction of necessary problem-solving concepts is encouraged and a method to deal with in-practice situations is learned. A task and questions system derived from the anemic syndrome professional problem was made. The teaching problem was based on a medical article which presents a case of an individual who suffered impaling injuries which caused a great bleeding. Problem questions related to blood physiology and to the erythropoietin-based treatment the patient received, coagulation factors and crystalloid fluids used as blood substitutes, were prepared. It was included a question that deals with an ethical conflict in order to systematize the knowledge acquired in the Society and Health II subject matter.

Palabras clave : teaching; methods; medical training.

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