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Humanidades Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1727-8120

Resumen

HERNANDEZ SANCHEZ, Noel Alexander; VERA RODRIGUEZ, José Eduardo; VILLALOBOS BATISTA, Rodolfo  y  HERNANDEZ FERNANDEZ, Viviana Luisa. Psychoeducational intervention to prevent pregnancy in adolescents in conditions of COVID-19. Rev Hum Med [online]. 2023, vol.23, n.2, e2442.  Epub 28-Jun-2023. ISSN 1727-8120.

Introduction:

adolescence is a stage of risks. Currently, the tendency to get pregnant in this age group is frequent, so it is opportune to carry out psychoeducational interventions for parents, family members and the community. Objective: to carry out a psychoeducational intervention to prevent pregnancy in adolescents, under conditions of COVID 19, from multidisciplinarity.

Methods:

a multidisciplinary psychoeducational intervention was carried out with adolescents from January to December 2021 in the Joaquín de Agüero y Agüero Polyclinic health area in the city of Camagüey. The universe of study was made up of 127 adolescents, belonging to medical office 7; a sample of 93 was selected by simple random sampling. The processing was carried out using the statistical package SPSS version 21 and its validation and revision was carried out. Percentages (%) were used as a summary measure of the information and Mc Nemar as a measure of statistical significance.

Results:

the age group between 17 to 19 years predominated, with a pre-university level of education. The diagnosis showed that the adolescents at the beginning of the investigation did not have information about the pregnancy, contraceptive methods, its repercussions and complications. The implementation of the psychoeducational intervention managed to increase their level of information regarding these aspects. There was a statistically significant difference when evaluating the level of general information before and after the intervention.

Discussion:

in the investigations about pregnancy in adolescence, there was a predominance of the age group of 17 to 19 years and this is the average age of fertility, which coincides with the results of the study carried out in this locality by this multidisciplinary team, evidencing a health problem. The need to carry out psychoeducational actions to increase information and prevent pregnancies in this age group was verified.

Palabras clave : adolescents; pregnancy; psychoeducational intervention.

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