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BERNARDEZ CRUZ, Yoan et al. Skin Conditions in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Medisur [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.6, pp.722-730. ISSN 1727-897X.

Background: patients with human immunodeficiency virus frequently develop skin conditions that affect their quality of life and modify their prognosis. Objective: to describe the most common skin conditions in patients with human immunodeficiency virus. Methods: a case-series study of patients with human immunodeficiency virus was conducted in the province of Cienfuegos. It included all patients diagnosed until February 2008 attending the internal medicine consultation for their follow-up. Forty-seven deceased patients, 12 patients not living in the province and 2 inmates were excluded from the study. Variables analyzed were: age, sex, skin color, self-reported skin conditions and diagnosed skin diseases. Results: Thirty-eight percent of patients were aged 25 to 34 years. Fifty-seven were white-skinned and 75% were male. Approximately half of the patients had AIDS and were under antiretroviral therapy. The skin infection of viral origin most commonly found was herpes simplex (30.0%); of fungal origin, onychomycosis (44 %); and of bacterial origin, folliculitis (43 %). Among papulosquamous disorders, seborrheic dermatitis (74 %) predominated and among other skin disorders, lipodystrophy (23.6 %). Xerosis and pruritus shared equal percentage (16.3 %). Conclusions: viral and fungal skin infections predominated. An important number of these skin conditions were diagnosed during the study, particularly in AIDS patients.

Keywords : acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; aids -related oportunistic infections; skin diseases.

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