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MediSur

versión On-line ISSN 1727-897X

Resumen

SOSA BARBERENA, Niovis; POLO AMARANTE, Roberto; MENDEZ ROGRIGUEZ, Sandra  y  SOSA BARBERENA, Mabel. Characterization of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. Medisur [online]. 2016, vol.14, n.4, pp.382-388. ISSN 1727-897X.

Background: Cienfuegos has a high prevalence of chronic kidney disease, which is a health problem of great social and economic impact. Objective: to characterize patients with chronic kidney disease receiving hemodialysis. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted in 80 patients treated at the Specialized Outpatient Center of Cienfuegos in 2013. General variables such as age, sex, and place of origin were analyzed, in addition to the causes of the disease, length of time on hemodialysis, type of vascular access, and prevalence of hepatitis C. Absolute frequencies, percentages, and rates were calculated. Results: the 45 to 54 age group was the most affected by the condition. Males accounted for 63.7%. Cienfuegos municipality showed the highest prevalence with 27.6 per 100 000 inhabitants. The most common cause of chronic kidney disease was nephroangiosclerosis (33.3%). Seventy three percent of patients started hemodialysis as an emergency therapy. The time on hemodialysis was less than one year and one to two years in more than half of patients. An arteriovenous fistula was used in 81.3% of cases. Hepatitis C showed a high prevalence. Conclusion: renal disease is more common in men of working age in Cienfuegos municipality. The major causes of this disease are associated with hypertension and diabetes mellitus.

Palabras clave : renal insufficiency, chronic; renal dialysis; kidney diseases.

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