Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas
On-line version ISSN 1729-519X
HERNANDEZ FUENTES, Carlos Eduardo; RODRIGUEZ PEREZ, Félix Luis and PEREZ RODRIGUEZ, Antonio. Settable dust, bronchial asthma and acute respiratory diseases. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2009, vol.8, n.1, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1729-519X.
Bronchial asthma (BA) and Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) are an important health problem in the world as well as in San Antonio de los Baños municipality. This research used the 238 samples of pollution air from 1994 to 2003 that were correlated with chronological series of BA and ARI from the same period.The main results were that 75% of the samples of contamination surveillance system were over the normal levels of pollution.The annual average ARI were 29 176 attentions and 9471 attentions on BA. AB monthly attentions rate were in a range of nearly 2000 at 9000 / 100000 inhabitants and between 22 700 and 34 000 attentions on ARI. Atmospheric pollution, measured by particulate air pollution above the standard 0.5 mg/cm ²/30 days it was increased between May to August. The biggest reports by air pollution proceeded to ARI attention increased. BA was increased generally on March and April but when a pollution air decreased. The high level of pollution air may be an environment condition to increase the respiratory problems. Further studies are necessary to contribute in this field.
Keywords : Pollution air; atmospheric contamination; acute respiratory infections; bronchial asthma; environment and health.