Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas
On-line version ISSN 1729-519X
It was carried out a literature review on vulgar pemphigus, using several databases like: LIS, MEDLINE, COCHRANE, LILACS, SECIMED; with objective of modernizing information on this pathology, as for: prevalence, signs and more frequent symptoms, morphology, diagnoses methods that are used and treatment. This mucous coetaneous illness isn´t very frequent in our country (0.1% -0.5%) however it´s most usual and serious pemphigus variety. It´s presented with more frequency between fourth and sixth decade of life, being uncommon in children. It haven't predilection neither for genre neither for race, their etiology is not defined, although it associates with immunologic dysfunctions. It´s characterized by appearance of relatively tense bladders, in skin and mucous, forming erosions of macerated surfaces, whitish covered and very painful material later. In mucous ones they can extend to lips, pharynx and larynx, hindering ingestion of foods, making patients to weaken, and together electrolytes through the skin lesions, they can take it to death. What motivated this revision was that generally, it´s presented first in mouth, for what is of supreme importance that deontologist is familiarized with illness, in order to diagnose it and to treat precociously, making treatment simple and therefore less painful and bother patient.
Keywords : Pemphigus; Vulgar Pemphigus; Dermatological Injure..