Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas
versión On-line ISSN 1729-519X
TORRIENTE BARZAGA, Norberto; DIAGO CABALLERO, Dalis; CRISTINA RIZO VAZQUEZ, Anaysa y MENENDEZ LOPEZ, Lucía Raisa. Elementary knowledge on sexual education in students of an urban basic high school. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.4, pp. 576-587. ISSN 1729-519X.
The initiation of the sexual relationships is more and more early in the youths. Among other reasons, this is due to changes in the social attitude toward the sexuality and to an earlier sexual maturation. The precocity in the sexual relationships doesn't happen parallelly with an appropriate sexual education that offers the adolescent the information on the consequences of such an act, for which is not prepared; the professionals of the primary attention of health should know the existent situation in their area to act meetly. To identify the level of elementary knowledge on sexual education in adolescents of the urban basic high school (ESBU) located in our area of health. Methods were carried out a descriptive, traverse investigation, in the ESBU "XI Festival of the Youth and the Students" of Alamar, Municipality Havana of the East, located in the area of health assisted by our policlínico March 13. The universe was constituted by 200 students. All the students of ninth grade were included that voluntarily wanted to participate; there were not exclusion approaches. A survey was applied to know: age of beginning of sexual relationships and knowledge on: risk of the pregnancy in the adolescence, infections of sexual transmission (ITS), birth-control methods, use of contraceptives in the first relationship and roads of information has more than enough sexual education. The information was stored in a database EPIINFO; the data were organized in charts and it stops their analysis the percentage method it was used. Results near 60% of those interviewed had had sexual relationships, mainly of the 13-14 year-old group. Most identified the damage to the mother like risk of the pregnancy in the adolescence. Among the good known ITS they were the VIH/SIDA, gonorrhea and syphilis. In spite of knowing of the existence of methods for the contraception, 70% of the 114 youths that you/they manifested to have had sexual relationships went to this first event without any protection. The sources of more information have more than enough sexual education they were in general way, the TV, teachers and parents. The males received information mostly from the TV (58.3%), parents (48.5%) and the radio (34.9%), while the féminas obtained it of teachers (54.6%), TV (44.3%) and doctor and nurse of the family (39.2%). In these youths the elementary knowledge on sexual education are even insufficient and the family should play a bigger protagonistic list for both sexes, because a lot of information comes from other sources.
Palabras llave : adolescence; knowledge; sexual education; relate sexual.