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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1729-519X

Resumen

CAMPILLO ACOSTA, Damarys; VERDASQUERA CORCHO, Denis  y  CORONADO MESTRE, Ramón. Metabolic syndrome in patients admitted in critical care units. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2010, vol.9, suppl.5, pp.610-621. ISSN 1729-519X.

With the objective to determinate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (SM) in patients admitted in critical care units and to identify the associated risk factors, a cross-sectional study was carried out in 149 patients admitted in intensive care units of "Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay" hospital, Havana City, Cuba, between January 1st and February 28th 2005. The prevalence rates were calculated by age, sex and risk factors. The association between the metabolic syndrome and some risk factors was tested by means of the prevalence ratio and t-test. The general prevalence was 34.2%, bigger in women (35.7%) vs 32.9% in men. Prevailed masculine patients (53.0%), sedentary (63.1%), smokers (57.7%) with a previous history of arterial hypertension (65.8%). The principal risk factors identified were HTA (73.8%), high basal glycemia (51.0%) and abdominal obesity (46.9%). The highest prevalence ratio was observed among patients with low HDL cholesterol: 9.58 (IC=95%, 5.46 - 16.81), abdominal obesity: 8.46 (IC=95%, 3.85 - 18.63) and high triglycerides: 5.25 (IC=95%, 2.93 - 9.39). According to t-test, was association between all risk factors and SM (p <0.05). The results indicate a high prevalence of metabolic, the HDL low cholesterol and abdominal obesity were risk factors mostly frequently associated to metabolic syndrome.

Palabras clave : Metabolic syndrome; prevalence; risk factor.

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