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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1729-519X

Resumen

MARTINEZ MUNOZ, Lidiana et al. Assessment of the knowledge of breast self-test in reproductive age women at Bernardo Posse Policlinics. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.3, pp.361-368. ISSN 1729-519X.

Introduction: breast cancer constitutes the most frequent disease among the malignant neoplasia that affects women. The progression of the disease will be avoided by means of health actions that are directed to the divulge and teaching of the breast self-examination technique especially through the doctor family's work. Objective: to evaluate the patients´ knowledge of the breast self-examination technique of the patients in reproductive age. Patients and method: a descriptive and longitudinal study was done in an at random sample of 80 women over 15 years from a basic group of work of three consulting offices. A survey was performed in which variables such as: distribution by group of age, knowledge of the breast self-examination technique, ways of getting it, and its quality were collected. Results: the 55.0 % of the women referred having knowledge of the breast self-examination technique with the prevalence of women over 40 years; resulting the mass media the main way of acquiring information about it, although there was a high quality of the technique in those women who performed it through the basic group of work. Conclusions: in spite of the existence of a high percentage of women who refer having knowledge of the breast self-examination technique, there are deficiencies in the promotion and prevention labour by the basic health team because it is not the most frequent way the patients get the information. Recommendations: to intensify the nurse and the family doctor's educative work about the breast self-examination technique since early ages.

Palabras clave : breast cancer; breast self-examination technique; prevention.

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