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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1729-519X


Dialitic renal replacement therapy in cuba: trend over the past 10 years. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.3, pp.424-433. ISSN 1729-519X.

Introduction: the nephrology in Cuba has been since 1966. Chronic Kidney Disease is now recognized as a global public health problem. As health improvement development in Cuba, it is important to evaluate the changes in dialysis status. We report the dialysys Program trend over de past 10 years. Methods: this report includes data of indicators of structure, process and results defined from patients who were receiving chronic dialysis treament over he past 2001-2011. Data was collected by the Center of PANER. Results: access to dialysis care is a right of every Cuban citizen and all treatment modalities are availables and it is universal. The total number of Services increase of 24 in 2001 to 49 in 2011 The prevalence of D-RRT continue to grow: in 2001 was 150 pMP, ant the 2011 of 243 pMP. Hypertension (34%) and diabetes (27%) are the leading cause of renal disease. In our case the possible explanations for the increase of patients and decrease of the crude mortality are of the increase in the capabilities of hemodialysis, improvements in technology, the use of erythropoietin and iron to all who need, between others. Conclusion: the dialysis RRT in Cuba has increased over the past 10 years, at the expense of the haemodialysis, as the clinical results have improved by the increase in the number of nephrologists their expertise and competence, comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to patient care, the best treatment of comorbidities and the priority given to the Program at all levels of the health system.

Palabras clave : incidence; prevalence; haemodialysis; peritoneal dialysis and stage renal diseases; dialytic renal replacement therapy.

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