Warning: simplexml_load_string() [function.simplexml-load-string]: namespace error : Namespace prefix xlink for href on inline-graphic is not defined in /srv-new/scielo/www/htdocs/scielo.php on line 52

Warning: simplexml_load_string() [function.simplexml-load-string]: ociation between <inline-graphic xlink:href="1729-519X-rhcm-18-03-461-i002.png" in /srv-new/scielo/www/htdocs/scielo.php on line 52

Warning: simplexml_load_string() [function.simplexml-load-string]: ^ in /srv-new/scielo/www/htdocs/scielo.php on line 52

Warning: DOMDocument::loadXML() [domdocument.loadxml]: Namespace prefix xlink for href on inline-graphic is not defined in Entity, line: 181 in /srv-new/scielo/www/htdocs/class.XSLTransformerPHP5.php on line 29
Causas de mortinatalidad en Chile entre 2002-2015

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.18 número3Cáncer de cabeza y cuello asociado al Virus del papiloma humano. Presentación de casoFrecuencia de diabetes mellitus en pacientes con tratamiento para tuberculosis en Colombia índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1729-519X


SAN MARTIN ROLDAN, David; SABANDO FRANULIC, Vezna; GERMAIN ARAVENA, Alfredo  y  PONS GUERRA, Andrés. Causes of stillbirth in Chile from 2002 to 2015. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2019, vol.18, n.3, pp.461-476. ISSN 1729-519X.


A stillbirth is an event in pregnancy that supposes a negative result for parents, families and the health personnel involved. The lack of resources could be the main obstacle to accessing prenatal care, a symptom of health imbalance. The poor knowledge of the causes of stillbirth is associated with the belief that these events are inevitable; however, many binding factors are potentially modifiable.


To describe the causes of stillbirths in Chile.

Material and methods:

A cross-sectional and analytical study was conducted. The analysis was determined from the 22 weeks´ gestation, according to the standard criterion of the World Health Organization. The most frequent causes were used to determine the association between test and the level of statistical significance p <0.05.


The highest percentage of fetal deaths was recorded at 35 or more weeks (35.63%). The main macro-causes of stillbirth were: fetal (47.0%), placental (31.4%), and unknown (10.89%). The main specific causes were intrauterine hypoxia (24.4%), unspecified cause (10.87%), and placental morphological-functional abnormalities (10.83%). The specific cause of intrauterine hypoxia is associated with gestational age, maternal age, and maternal educational level (p <0.05).


Prenatal health demonstrates obstetric care, quality, and progress in health care. There are gaps in the detection of the causes and quality of records, so unknown causes tend to rise over time. It is advisable to add temporal, biological and social components to the registry of fetal deaths.

Palabras clave : Stillbirth; fetal death; pregnancy outcome; health inequities; cause of death, risk factors.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )