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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1729-519X


MEJIA, Christian R. et al. Factors associated with fatalism in the face of COVID-19 in 20 Peruvian cities in March 2020. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2020, vol.19, n.2, e3233.  Epub 22-Abr-2020. ISSN 1729-519X.


The COVID-19 pandemic has generated diverse reactions, but these have not yet been measured in the Latin American population.


To determine the factors associated with the perception of fatalism in the face of COVID-19 infection in inhabitants of 20 cities in Peru.

Material and Methods:

A cross-sectional, multicenter study with a sample size of 2 466 people from 20 cities of Peru that measured fatalism during the COVID-19 pandemic was conducted through a validated survey (Cronbach´s alpha: 0,78) consisting of 7 items. Statistical analysis was conducted in terms of each city, and p < 0,05 was considered significant.


Of the 2 466 respondents, 36 % were depressed, 26 % thought that they might die, 17 % say that this was evidence of the end of the world, and 9 % could make a fatal decision. Women were more likely to engage in three of the fatalistic behaviors (becoming infected, p = 0,020; infecting others, p = 0,004, and becoming depressed, p = 0,020). At an older age there were 5 perceptions (infecting others, p = 0,007; becoming complicated, p < 0,001; becoming depressed, p < 0,001, thinking they would die, p < 0,001; or committing suicide, p = 0,014). Those at risk of complications of COVID-19 had 4 perceptions (infecting others, p = 0,024; becoming complicated, p = 0,002; thinking they would die, p < 0,001; and thinking that this is a sign of the end of the world, p = 0,039). Respondents who were agnostic exhibited a lower frequency in 5 perceptions, while atheist respondents showed a lower frequency in 2 perceptions.


Many fatalistic ideas are found among the population in the face of the coronavirus pandemic.

Palabras clave : Coronavirus; pandemic; perception; Peru; SARS; COVID-19.

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