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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1729-519X

Resumen

JORGE SAINZ, Yasnay; CUELLO ALMARALES, Dany  y  ALMAGUER MEDEROS, Luis E.. Relevance of folate metabolism in neurodegenerative disorders. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2021, vol.20, n.3, e3303.  Epub 16-Jun-2021. ISSN 1729-519X.

Introduction:

Several neurodegenerative disorders are associated with alterations in folate metabolism, having essential physiopathological, clinical and therapeutic implications.

Objective:

To assess the relevance of folate metabolism in neurodegenerative disorders, highlighting its physiopathological, clinical and therapeutic significance.

Material and Methods:

Specialized biomedical databases were searched for studies published up to March 2020. Descriptors and Boolean operators were used. Advanced search strategy was used for the selection of articles, taking into account the methodological quality and validity of the studies.

Results:

Strong evidence of the association between folate metabolism and neurodegenerative disorders were identified. Enzyme-coding genes involved in folate metabolism and epigenetic DNA modifications associated with increased risk or disease severity in Alzheimer´s, Parkinson´s, and Huntington´s diseases, Essential Tremor, and Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 were also identified. Associations between neurodegenerative disorders and altered levels of folate metabolites and the frequency of micronuclei were found. A number of observational and experimental studies have demonstrated that the supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B6 and B12 has therapeutic potential in the context of neurodegenerative disorders.

Conclusions:

Folate metabolism is of physiopathological, clinical and therapeutic relevance for neurodegenerative disorders. The use of strategies to normalize folate levels or enzyme cofactors involved in folate metabolism or to reduce homocysteine levels has potential therapeutic applications for these disorders.

Palabras clave : Epigenomics; folic acid; genomic instability; metabolism; neurodegenerative disorders.

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