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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

versión On-line ISSN 1729-519X

Resumen

OLIVA VENEREO, Dinorah de la Caridad; NING TOIRAC, Eddy  y  VINAS MARTINEZ, Arturo Luis. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Boyeros. 1986-2016. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2021, vol.20, n.3, e4124.  Epub 16-Jun-2021. ISSN 1729-519X.

Introduction:

Women are one of the most vulnerable groups affected by HIV during the last years.

Objective:

To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of women with HIV in Boyeros municipality.

Material and Methods:

A descriptive retrospective research was conducted in female HIV patients in Boyeros municipality from 1986 to December 31, 2016. Only alive women older than 14 years living in the aforementioned municipality who were previously diagnosed with HIV were included in the study. The sample was composed of 99 cases. The information was obtained from the clinical records of the Municipal Consultation where specialized care is given to patients with HIV/AIDS.

Results:

The incidence rates of HIV infection in women showed a rising trend. Also, 49,5% of women infected with HIV were between 15 and 29 years of age. There was a prevalence of whites (40%) as well as women with secondary levels of education (43%). The diagnosis was also made in pregnant women, representing the 19%. More than 50% of them declared not to have steady jobs. Late diagnosis was identified in 43% of women in older ages. The latest T-CD4 count was higher than 350 cells/mm3 in more than 50% of them. ART was indicated in 92,9 % of the cases.

Conclusions:

The female population infected with HIV in Boyeros municipality is mainly young; a lot of them have basic educational levels and do not have an employment contract. Late diagnosis of HIV infection continues to be identified. T-CD4 cell counts show adequate values in most of the cases.

Palabras clave : Human Immunodeficiency Virus; women; late diagnosis, T-CD4 count.

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