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Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas

versão On-line ISSN 1729-519X

Resumo

CARULLA MARTINEZ, Dariel; FELIPE TORRES, Sonia; VALENCIA FERNANDEZ, Victor  e  ARREDONDO ANTUNEZ, Carlos. Morphological relationship between the hyoid bone and the mandible in a sample of skeletons studied. Rev haban cienc méd [online]. 2021, vol.20, n.4, e4245.  Epub 10-Ago-2021. ISSN 1729-519X.

Introduction:

The growth of skeletal tissues constitutes a secondary, compensatory and mechanically obliged response to change the functional matrixes. When the growth of functional matrixes is affected for any reason, the skeletal tissues also respond with a degree of affectation depending on the moment in which it occurs. Then the mandible, as part of the viscerocranium, must present that relationship with the hyoid bone directly.

Objective:

To associate the morphological behavior of the hyoid bone with the morphological variables of the mandible and verify if the morphology of the bones belonging to the skeletons studied is determined by the set of soft tissues that surround them and set the pace of the growth remodeling process.

Material and Methods:

The continuation of the osteological study was carried out in a bone sample of 82 skulls by performing morphometric measurements of the hyoid bone and the mandible. Pearson’s linear correlation coefficient matrices in SPSS Version 22 were used to evaluate the relationship between the morphology of the hyoid bone and the bones of the mandible.

Results:

The relationship between the morphology of the hyoid bone and the growth of the viscerocranium is corroborated by the positive and significant correlation between several morphological variables of the hyoid bone obtained - both at the level of its body and its greater horns -, and the mandible.

Conclusions:

These findings corroborate the association between the morphology of the hyoid bone and the growth of the mandible.

Palavras-chave : Anthropology; bone growth; hyoid bone; mandible.

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