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Mendive. Revista de Educación

versión On-line ISSN 1815-7696

Resumen

MARTINEZ DE OSABA PICOS, Carlos Rafael; PAULA ACOSTA, Caridad Amado  y  HERNANDEZ - CRUZ PEREZ, Rafael Antonio. The professionalism in the professional orientation towards the Bachelor in Education. Physics, pre-university education. Rev. Mendive [online]. 2020, vol.18, n.3, pp.541-558.  Epub 02-Sep-2020. ISSN 1815-7696.

In recent years, the Bachelor of Physics. Education at the University of Pinar del Río "Hermanos Saíz Montes de Oca" fails to meet the established entrance requirements and the students enrolled show low levels of motivation and identification with this specialty. This situation reveals insufficiencies in the process of pedagogical professional orientation that is carried out before the university and especially by the Physics teachers of the pre-university education. The present work delves into this subject and aims to carry out a diagnostic study of the professionalism of these teachers, so that it reveals the main educational needs that must be addressed for their improvement. For this purpose, theoretical and empirical methods were used, such as analysis and synthesis, indication and deduction, modeling, document analysis, survey and interview, as well as descriptive statistics for information processing. As a result, the model of professionalism in the pedagogical professional orientation towards the bachelor in Education career .Phisics, as well as the strengths and weaknesses that characterize its current state. From the study carried out, it is concluded that the identified weaknesses constitute educational needs, since they determine the limited and no systemic character of the professional orientation process developed by Physics teachers, as well as their disarticulation from the teaching-learning process of this subject. The main educational needs are in the cognitive-affective, guidance-persuasive, research-technological and managerial-evaluation order.

Palabras clave : pedagogical orientation; diagnosis; educational needs.

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