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Revista Cubana de Reumatología

versión On-line ISSN 1817-5996

Resumen

MENDOZA MASSOTT, Jeniffer Felicita et al. Osteomalacia. Diagnosis and treatment. Rev Cuba Reumatol [online]. 2019, vol.21, n.2, e90.  Epub 01-Ago-2019. ISSN 1817-5996.

Introduction:

osteomalacia is characterized by the lack of mineralization of the osteoid substance, which affects cortical bone and mature cancellous bone. It is a disease that occurs in adults and children, although the cause is different in each.

Objective:

to expose the generality of osteomalacia for being a disease that causes serious affectations to the population that suffers it, especially to children. Emphasis is placed on the diagnosis and its treatment.

Development:

in order to summarize the essential elements to establish the diagnosis of osteomalacia, we must first consider the presence of a bone mineralization disorder, hence, in addition to taking into account the causes of the disease, its clinical course and the symptomatology.

Conclusions:

an important recommendation is not to take into account the possibility of complications in the course of the disease, such as fractures, which, although they are part of the clinical picture, can cause serious problems when they occur, as in the case of those that appear in the ribs, which if they move may involve vital organs, so that in this type of patients should not exclude the possibility of emergencies or rheumatological emergencies in both adults and children.

Palabras clave : osteomalacia; lack of mineralization; osteoid substance; diagnosis; treatment.

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