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Revista Cubana de Reumatología

versión On-line ISSN 1817-5996


REYES LLERENA, Gil Alberto et al. Systemic lupus erythematous in the HIV / AIDS epidemic. Initial report of cases in Cuba. Rev Cuba Reumatol [online]. 2019, vol.21, suppl.1, e79.  Epub 01-Dic-2019. ISSN 1817-5996.

Systemic lupus erythematous classifies as a complex, multisystemic autoimmune disease that evolves through outbreaks of activity, with different degrees of severity, determining irreversible chronic damage. Infections are a particular chapter in patients with systemic lupus erythematous, and these patients can associate their autoimmune-rheumatic manifestations with HIV / AIDS infection, although there are not many worldwide reports on this association. There are differences in the pathogenic mechanisms that work in both entities, however they present homologies in the clinical order which sometimes make it difficult to establish the differential diagnosis between these entities. Our objective was to report two cases of females aged 47 and 36 years old, with the association within the framework of the Cuban HIV-AIDS epidemic. One of them developed the infection several years after the diagnosis of lupus, has presented isolated HIV activity outbreaks and developed kidney damage and severe discoid lesions on the scalp and urinary tract infections. The second patient developed HIV infection, and after several years on antiretroviral treatment, she presented clinical and immunological criteria for lupus: She debuted with a febrile syndrome, taking the general condition, important vasculitic lesions of the lower limbs complicated by infected ulcerations mimicking pioderma, gangrenous as well as lupus serositis and severe respiratory infection. Both cases had ARV treatment, and a good CD4 + T cell count, with undetectable viral load. In both cases, the outbreaks of activity and intercurrent infections were achieved. Methodologically, we developed an extensive review by Med-Line, Pubmed-Lilacs among other search engines using the keywords lupus and VIH infections: We do not know of other studies that establish a clinical and analytical description of this type of patients in Cuba.We conclude with the presentation of two patients differents form of presentation, both with systemic lupus in asociation with VIH-aids infection, and hgih level of disease activity . The were safe with a good control of the diseases and the treatment wih antirretroviral drugs, antibiotics, an especific drugs like antimalarials, corticosteroids and others with satisfactory clinical evolutions.

Palabras clave : systemic lupus erythematosus; VIH infection; AIDS; rheumatic diseases.

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