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Revista Cubana de Reumatología

versión On-line ISSN 1817-5996


ESPINOSA PIRE, Lina et al. Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome in medical students. Rev Cuba Reumatol [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.1, e127.  Epub 17-Jun-2020. ISSN 1817-5996.


Burnout syndrome can affect students in a similar way as formal professionals. In addition to emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal fulfillment, a fourth component is added in the student context: negative emotion in the face of learning.


To determine the presence of burnout syndrome in students of the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Regional Autonomous University of the Andes (UNIANDES), in Ecuador.


A descriptive, cross-sectional, comparative study of 90 students was carried out during the semester between October 2017 and March 2018. The variables age, sex, marital status, number of children, shared housing, extra-academic work and the dimensions of the scale for the classification of burnout syndrome: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfillment, according to the criteria of the Maslach Burnout Inventory.


The highest level of burnout syndrome was moderate, followed by severe. There was a higher frequency of affected female students with a moderate burnout category. Even at a slight level, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization have already appeared among the students. Instead, the Personal Realization dimension of the syndrome appeared at the severe level. Students who had extra-academic work had a high prevalence of burnout syndrome.

Palabras clave : burnout syndrome; students; extra-academic work; dimensions.

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