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Podium. Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología en la Cultura Física

versión On-line ISSN 1996-2452

Resumen

TARQUI SILVA, Leonardo Eliecer. Microcycle of sports psychodiagnosis and mental training in high-performance athletes from Ecuador. Rev Podium [online]. 2021, vol.16, n.3, pp.881-891.  Epub 16-Sep-2021. ISSN 1996-2452.

The present report of cases of high performance sports psychological intervention proposed as an objective to evaluate the clinical psychological state of the participants, the level of sports mental preparation, psychological skills and moods; later a cognitive training program was applied to strengthen their psychic abilities. The sample was made up of three female athletes; two pistol shooting ages between 30, and classified to the Tokyo 2021 Olympic Games. The Karate athlete belonged to the group of "Young Promises", with an age of 15 and South American Champion. The mental approach period lasted six months during the pandemic isolation, with an average of one individual virtual session every 5 days, where the anamnesis was initially applied; a base of clinical tests, and after that, the sports psychodiagnosis and the preparation in the management of sports mental strategies were carried out in parallel. The main psychological reagents were the POMS Test, CPDR and Ways of Coping Checklist; at the level of psychic strengthening, the proposed Mental Training of the American Olympic Committee was used. As a result, the culmination of the program of a single athlete was obtained, identifying motivational and personal situations that affect the performance of the Ecuadorian competitive athlete; highlighting the importance of family, managerial and cultural factors. It is concluded that mental preparation is more effective at an early age, as it is included in the holistic training process of the athlete, evidencing the results during their evolution and sports maturation.

Palabras clave : Mental training; High performance; Psychology..

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