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EDUMECENTRO

versión On-line ISSN 2077-2874

Resumen

RUIZ NAPOLES, Juan Bruno  y  AGUILERA LOZADA, Oscar. Feasibility and pertinence of a pedagogical strategy for the special medical training. Rev EDUMECENTRO [online]. 2014, vol.6, n.3, pp.6-19. ISSN 2077-2874.

Background: the professional training in order to face the consequences in human beings of the chemical and biological weapons is a mission of the Cuban medical university. Objective: to devise a strategy for the teaching of the diagnosis and treatment of the effects in human beings of the chemical and biological weapons. Methods: a research project was done that culminated in the application of a pedagogical pre-experiment at the University Venue Military Hospital of Holguín during the 2010-2011 academic year. The sample was chosen through a non-probabilistic sampling, composed of 20 specialists in Integral General Medicine. Theoretical methods were used: historical-logical, analytical-synthetic, inductive-deductive, modeling and systemic, structural and functional; empirical: Delphi method and survey; mathematical: descriptive statistics with distribution of absolute frequency and in percentage. Results: insufficiencies were identified among the doctors for the diagnosis and treatment of the effects in human beings of chemical and biological weapons, being this reason why a pedagogical strategy was designed and applied for the acquisition of the knowledge and skills that are necessary in these cases. Conclusions: the designed strategy allows to solve the difficulties for the development of the learning-teaching process of the illnesses resulting from the use of chemical and biological weapons, as well as a better training in doctors regarding their diagnosis and treatment. The specialists assessed the strategy in general as very adequate, what shows the degree of relevance and pertinence for its application.

Palabras clave : professional competence; general practitioners [education]; biological warfare agents; chemical warfare agents [adverse effects].

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