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EDUMECENTRO

versión On-line ISSN 2077-2874

Resumen

QUINTANILLA DOMINGUEZ, Claudia et al. Educational program for the prevention of oral cancer since adolescence. EDUMECENTRO [online]. 2019, vol.11, n.1, pp.87-104. ISSN 2077-2874.

Background:

oral cancer contributes with a considerable number in the morbidity figures which will increase in the coming decades. Reporting on this issue could be the starting point in the battle against this scourge of modern life.

Objective:

to design an educational program on oral cancer for adolescents according to identified needs.

Methods:

a development research was carried out with a mixed approach, educational intervention, pre-experimental, prospective and longitudinal study in the municipality of Santa Clara in the period from February/ 2016 to November / 2017. Theoretical and empirical methods were used that allowed the bibliographic foundation and the collection of information.

Results:

in the applied diagnosis, risk factors predominated, such as poor oral hygiene, non-protective diet consumption and insufficiency of knowledge about oral cancer among adolescents; and practice of toxic habits by parents or other family members, that´s why an educational program was designed, which was assessed by specialists and applied with very favorable results in the solution of the problems detected.

Conclusions:

the specialists considered it pertinent, feasible, useful, with adequate structure and with scientific and pedagogical values, and its effectiveness was proven from its application in the adolescent group for which it was designed.

Palabras clave : head and neck neoplasms; mouth neoplasms; lip neoplasms; salivary gland neoplasms; health promotion; education medical.

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