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versión On-line ISSN 2077-2955


ESPINDOLA ARTOLA, Arnaldo; GARCIA GONZALEZ, Mercedes Caridad; GARLOBO FIGUEREDO, Maritza  y  QUINTERO PUPO, Gerardo. Models and mechanisms that govern the university-company link in Latin American countries. trf [online]. 2022, vol.18, n.3, pp.644-673.  Epub 01-Sep-2022. ISSN 2077-2955.


To systematize the main models and mechanisms that governs the university-company links in Latin American countries.


A bibliographic review study was carried out, in which the contents of 51 documents meeting previously established selection criteria were analysed, using theoretical and empirical research methods.


The main finding was to figure out that the main models governing the university- company links in this region are: The Sábato’s triangle model; innovation systems; and version III of the triple helix. Among the most frequently used mechanisms the followings stand out: internships or student practices, diploma courses, professional and organizational assistance provided by universities. Also, efforts have been promoted in the establishment of entrepreneurship units and incubators of science and technology-based companies. Currently, there is a commitment to greater investment in the creation of spin-offs, spin-outs and start-ups, and investments in science and technology parks stand out.


It is evident that the application of these models and mechanisms still has limitations in the Latin American context, since they are framed in a region with industrial underdevelopment and a predominantly neoliberal economic policy, where the increase in research and innovation activities is sought, solely for financial purposes.

Palabras clave : university extension; university-company links; university cooperation; management system.

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