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versión On-line ISSN 2221-2434


VICENTE SANCHEZ, Belkis; GARCIA, Karen; GONZALEZ HERMIDA, Alina  y  SAURA NARANJO, Carmen Emilia. Overweight and Obesity in 5 to 12 Year Old Children. Rev. Finlay [online]. 2017, vol.7, n.1, pp.47-53. ISSN 2221-2434.

Foundation: obesity is a serious health problem worldwide, from an infrequent disease it has become an emerging epidemic with immediate effects in childhood. Objective: to determine the presence of overweight and obesity in 5 to 12 year old children. Method: a descriptive transverse study was carried out in which 39 children were included, selected at random. They belong in area V Cienfuegos municipality during the period from March 2014 to June 2015. The variables analyzed were: age, sex, weight, height, nutritional evaluation, blood pressure values and family history of non transmissible diseases. The data derived from the applied questionnaire were taken to an extended database in the statistical program SPSS in its version 18.0 and the results obtained are presented in tables by numbers and percentages. Results: there was a predominance of the female sex (51.3 %) and age groups from 5 to 6 years (41, 0 %) and 7-8 years old (28.8 %). Normal blood pressure values were found in 71.8 % and 35.90 % of the children was evaluated like obese according to the index of corporal mass. Overweight, obesity and hypertension were the mostly referred antecedents by mothers (60.0 %, and 33.3 %), among parents arterial hypertension was in the first place, followed by overweight/obesity and diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: a high percentage of children are obese from early ages of their lives.

Palabras clave : pediatric obesity; overweight; risk factors.

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