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Revista Finlay

versión On-line ISSN 2221-2434

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ SAN PEDRO, Lisandra et al. Stress and Negative Emotions in Middle-aged Adults with Essential Hypertension. Rev. Finlay [online]. 2018, vol.8, n.1, pp.36-45. ISSN 2221-2434.

Introduction: arterial hypertension is one of the chronic pathologies with the greatest impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, a phenomenon that is related to psychosocial factors such as stress and negative emotions. Objective: to determine the level of stress, negative emotions and ways of coping with it in middle-aged adults with essential arterial hypertension of the office 1 of Area V of the Cienfuegos municipality. Method: a descriptive study was carried out in medical office 1 of Health Area V of the Cienfuegos municipality, in the period between January-March 2014. The sample selection was carried out probabilistically, using a simple two-stage and random sampling, being composed of 30 essential hypertensive patients included in ages from 40 to 60 years. Sex, color of the skin, schooling level, marital status, occupation, stress level, vulnerability and ways of coping with stress, anxiety and depression were the variables under study. Results: female sex, white skin color, upper middle school level, married marital status and professional occupation were predominant. The levels and vulnerability to stress were high. Confrontation and social support were used as coping modes. The trait-state anxiety that predominated was average and although they presented depressive symptoms, depression did not characterize the majority of the patients. It was the women, housewives, technicians and professionals who presented higher stress levels. There was no distinction in terms of sex and occupation with the level of anxiety. Conclusion: hypertensive patients presented high stress, moderate anxiety and to a lesser extent depression.

Palabras clave : stress psychological; emotions; affective symptom; middle aged; hypertension; sociological factors.

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