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Revista Finlay

versión On-line ISSN 2221-2434

Resumen

CASTRO IGLESIAS, Marelys et al. Cerebrovascular Disease and Atherosclerosis in Angolan Patients. Rev. Finlay [online]. 2022, vol.12, n.1, pp.39-50.  Epub 30-Mar-2022. ISSN 2221-2434.

Background:

cerebrovascular disease is a multifactorial condition caused by a combination of vascular, environmental and genetic factors. A considerable number of genes involved in inflammation, renin-angiotensin system, and lipid metabolism have been identified. There are studies that report that African ethnicity is one of the risk factors for atherosclerosis.

Objective:

to evaluate the behavior of cerebrovascular disease in Angolan patients hospitalized at the Las Praderas International Health Center in Havana.

Method:

a prospective, longitudinal, descriptive study was carried out in 30 patients admitted to the Medicine Service at the Las Praderas International Health Center from January to December 2019 with the mentioned diagnosis. Clinical history data were collected. The variables analyzed were: age, sex, weight, height, body mass index, type of cerebrovascular disease, probable etiology, neurological sequelae, personal medical history, associated risk factors, medical treatment. The cerebrovascular disease classification scales and the application of the TOAST systems were applied and statistical processing was performed.

Results:

there was a predominance of males in patients of African ethnicity with cerebrovascular disease. Atherothrombotic ischemic infarction and atherosclerotic risk factors such as: hypertension, alcoholism, smoking, overweight and dyslipidemia were more frequent. Overweight patients were related to the largest number of patients with atherosclerotic plaque, extracranial artery stenosis was not significant for the study.

Conclusion:

it was evidenced that there is poor management of eating habits and lifestyle, associated with specific genetic factors of lipid metabolism that intervene in atherosclerotic disease.

Palabras clave : cerebrovascular disorders; aterosclerosis; risk factors; angola.

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