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Revista de Producción Animal

versión On-line ISSN 2224-7920

Resumen

HERRERA TOSCANO, Javier. Design and Analysis of Technological Alternatives to Milk Production. Rev. prod. anim. [online]. 2022, vol.34, n.3, pp.35-43.  Epub 31-Dic-2022. ISSN 2224-7920.

Background:

Operation research and optimization model design are essential tools for developing practical solutions to production problems.

Aim:

To design and analyze two types of milk production technologies in a tropical dairy facility.

Methods

The study was conducted at Mina Blanca, Unit No. 41, Valle del Peru Genetic Project. Dryland conditions without fertilization were created in two simulated scenarios, which permitted ex-ante analysis of two types of circumstances associated with relevant agrobiological, economic, and environmental factors. The model’s variables were Cynodon nlemfuensis, Leucaena Leucocephala associated with Megathyrsus maximus; Saccharum officinarum, and Pennisetum purpureum vc Cuba CT- 115. Dry matter production per ha was considered the objective function. The model’s parameters and coefficients were determined theoretically. A total of ten and nine restrictions (scenarios 1 and 2, respectively), were set up. WinQSB version 2.0 was used.

Results

The optimum solutions and species contribution to dry matter production indicated that in the two cases, the largest portion of the area must correspond to Bermuda grass in scenarios 1 and 2 (44.9 and 43.76%, respectively).

Conclusions

Two types of technologies were designed and analyzed prospectively, in terms of milk production technologies in a tropical dairy facility. According to the restrictions, the optimum solutions to the alternative scenarios suggested that most farm areas should be planted with Bermuda grass.

Palabras clave : dairy facility; optimization; linear programming.

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