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Revista Cubana de Ciencias Informáticas

versión On-line ISSN 2227-1899

Resumen

PEREZ BETANCOURT, Yadian Guillermo; GONZALEZ POLANCO, Liset; FEBLES RODRIGUEZ, Juan Pedro  y  CABRERA CAMPOS, Alcides. Proposals for geospatial analysis in health studies.. Rev cuba cienc informat [online]. 2018, vol.12, n.2, pp.44-57. ISSN 2227-1899.

The use of Geographic Information Systems has increased considerably based on the potential they have to manage geographic information. In spite of this, their use is still limited in the health sector because they have insufficiencies to carry out high-interest studies for this sector. It has been identified that the use of GIS in studies on spatial distribution of health problems is limited, especially due to the inadequacies and dispersion of existing tools for the incorporation of the spatial component. Little use is also shown for the regionalization of services that allow the inclusion of variables to achieve quality from their design. This paper presents a computer solution based on free software to perform geospatial analysis in health studies. The proposal includes modules for georeferencing and analysis of malignant tumors, stratification of territories, regionalization of services and geosimulation. Finally, a stratified study of the provinces of Cuba is carried out according to the ten leading causes of death for year 2016, which shows the applicability of the solution.

Palabras clave : Geographic Information Systems; georeferencing; geosimulation; geospatial analysis; stratification.

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