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Revista Estudios del Desarrollo Social: Cuba y América Latina

versión On-line ISSN 2308-0132

Resumen

VALDEZ LOPEZ, Orlando Esteban; ROMERO RODRIGUEZ, Luis M.  y  HERNANDO GOMEZ, Ángel. Revisiting the Frankfurt School - Contributions to the Criticism to the Commercial Exploitation of the Media. Estudios del Desarrollo Social [online]. 2020, vol.8, n.1, 20.  Epub 14-Abr-2020. ISSN 2308-0132.

This paper analyzes the critical thinking on mass communication and culture industries, getting an epistemological perspective on the media as creators of and formative influences on social realities in favor of commercial exploitation and a model of man as a consumer. Contributions made by major members of the Frankfurt School (Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Herbert Marcuse, and Jürgen Habermas) were examined, as well as discussions there were between them and their contemporary thinkers. The School’s ontological and epistemological approaches were theoretically compared to Walter Benjamin, Antonio Gramsci, Leo Löwenthal, Oskar Negt, Axel Honneth and Siegfried Kracauer’s views on culture industries, in the light of today’s communications ecosystem. The results show a similar critical thinking which suggests that, although technologies cause the mass media to lose their monopoly of social discourse, there is still an ecosystem dominated by markets and consumption, and new types of vices and dangers of social control and media manipulation emerge.

Palabras clave : philosophy of science; Enlightenment; culture industries; critical theory.

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