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Revista Cubana de Ciencias Forestales

On-line version ISSN 2310-3469

Abstract

MATA ANCHUNDIA, Deyanira; RIVERO HERRADA, Marisol  and  SEGOVIA MONTALVAN, Eduardo Luis. Agroforestry systems with fine aroma cocoa cultivation: socio-economic and productive environment. Rev cubana ciencias forestales [online]. 2018, vol.6, n.1, pp.103-115. ISSN 2310-3469.

The agroforestry systems with cocoa are good for many purposes and they give many products to a diversity of soil users, among them, to the families of the producers in their environment. The objective of the research was to evaluate the socioeconomic and productive factors in agroforestry systems with fine aroma cocoa of export, in the El Vergel parish of the Valencia canton, county of Los Ríos, Ecuador. A survey to a random sample of 35 farmers of El Vergel parish was carried out, to evaluate socioeconomic and productivevariables. A descriptive analysis was applied to the data of the surveys. Most of the interviewed producers (71,4 %) ignore on agroforestry systems. The farmers possess among 0,63 up to 10 hectares. 100 % of them cultivates the fine aroma cocoa, like main cultivation and other secondary cultivations where they stand out the forest species (48,6 %). The families are conformed by 49,5 % males and 50,5 % women. Most of the farmers (males and women) are home bosses, with an age that fluctuates among 45 to 54 years. Alone 37 % of the members of the home is devoted to the work in the agriculture. 51 % of the farmers cohabits in free union and 38,3 % are single. The main monthly entrance oscillates from zero to $488. The monthly expenses of the farmers fluctuate among $101,00 up to $500,00. The analyzed social and productive indicators are not in the level required to achieve the sustainable development of these agroforestry systems.

Keywords : producers; Theobroma cacao L; families..

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