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Cultivos Tropicales

versão impressa ISSN 0258-5936versão On-line ISSN 1819-4087

cultrop vol.41 no.2 La Habana abr.-jun. 2020  Epub 01-Jun-2020

 

Report of new cultivar

Encyvola ´Cachita´. Orchid hybrid of wide adaptability to the tropical conditions

Lorenzo Suárez-Guerra1  * 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6014-9005

Georvis Tellez-Beltrán1 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8440-6563

1Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Agrícolas (INCA), carretera San José-Tapaste, km 3½, Gaveta Postal 1, San José de las Lajas, Mayabeque, Cuba. CP 32 700

ABSTRACT

Encyvola, is not a natural genus, it´s the result of the pollination among Brassavola, native from South America and the Antilles, and Encyclia, genus that extends from Mexico and Antillas to Brasil. The hybrids Encyvola ´Cachita´, actually is registered and published in the database of the Royal Horticultural Society of England in Orchids Review Supplement 124 (1313), March 2016.

Key words: ornamental plants; cross pollination; flowers; in vitro culture; intergereneric hybrid

INTRODUCTION

The production of hybrid orchids through in vitro cultivation of seeds, allowed great contributions at the beginning of the XIX century, when numerous and important specimens of high ornamental value began to be marketed. Encyvola is the denomination of the intergeneric hybrid between Brassavola and Encyclia. Perhaps, this type of hybrids favors obtaining plants of wide adaptability to various climates due to their great resistance and versatility.

Origin

Encyvola ´Cachita´, is the result of the manual cross-polinization carried out in June, 2009 between Brassavola nodosa and Encyclia boucortii (Figure 1). The hybrid seeds were by in vitro cultivation germinated. The first plants began to bloom in December 2015. This new hybrid has a high ornamental and aesthetic potential combining strength, delicacy and beauty of its parents.

Characteristics

Epiphitic plant, at to 25 cm high with pseudobulbs of 1-2 leathery, linear, with obtuse apex of 13.0 -17.5 cm long by 1.0-1.5 wide. Terminal inflorescence having 2-5 flowers. Showy flowers with 9.0 cm wide, sepals and elongated greenish-yellow petals, with 4.0-4.5 long by 0.3-0.5 cm wide. Creamy white lip with numerous fleck and purple spots. Short column.

Figure 1 Front view of the intergeneric hybrid Encyvola ´Cachita´ 

Received: November 27, 2018; Accepted: May 01, 2020

*Author for correspondence: lguerra@inca.edu.cu

Creative Commons License Este es un artículo publicado en acceso abierto bajo una licencia Creative Commons