SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.42 número4  suppl.1INCASoy-2, nuevo cultivar de soya (Glycine max L.)ALAYN LP-26. Nuevo cultivar de arroz (Oryza sativa L.) obtenida por cultivo in vitro de anteras índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Cultivos Tropicales

versión impresa ISSN 0258-5936versión On-line ISSN 1819-4087

cultrop vol.42 no.4 supl.1 La Habana  2021  Epub 30-Dic-2021


Report of new cultivar

"Tula" a new Cuban potato cultivar (Solanum tuberosum L.) for French fries

Jorge L. Salomón-Díaz1  *

Juan G. Castillo-Hernández1

Yarisyen Márquez-Vasallo1

1Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Agrícolas (INCA), carretera San José-Tapaste, km 3½, Gaveta Postal 1, San José de las Lajas, Mayabeque, Cuba. CP 32 700


The potato cultivar "Tula" from crossing "Atlantic" x "12-9-95" was obtained in the 2004-2005 season at the National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, after 12 years of evaluation and characterization according to the Cuban potato breeding scheme. Clone 23-4-05 from population 19 was selected and named as cultivar "Tula". This has excellent agronomic and industrial quality characteristics: quick closing of canopy in field, light green foliage and vigorous stems. Moreover, this is semi-late and resistant to Phytophthora infestans under field conditions and moderately resistant to Streptomyces scabies. Their tubers are uniform with yellow skin, pale yellow pulp, with eyes of medium depth, high content of dry matter and a medium yield of 32.4 t ha-1, with more than 90 % of commercial tubers.

Key words: breeding; processing; disease resistance; dry matter content


The potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is the fourth most important crop in the world and it is very useful as food for its different uses both for fresh consumption and for industrial processing. Potato processing is growing rapidly in developed and underdeveloped countries and potato chips are gaining popularity.

Cuba is quite limited in the potato processing industry, since the fried potato (chips and baton) in Cuban markets is supplied mostly from imported products and only very few from national industries. The significative amount of imports could be due to the lack of availability of suitable genotypes and low quality chips produced by national industries.

One of the objectives of the Cuban Breeding Program is to select cultivars for the potato chip industry.


"Tula" is a product of the Potato Variety Breeding and Development Program of the National Institute of Agricultural Sciences. Result of a hybridization between Atlantic x 12-5-95 parents carried out in the 2004-2005 season (Figure 1).

Figure 1 Pedigree of “Tula” 

Cultivar characteristic data of the cultivar, collected during 2014-2016. Growth habit: erect; stems: green; average height: 0.50-0.60 m; leaves: medium green; flower color: violet; vegetative period: mid-early (90 days); Resistant to foliar Phytophthora infestans infection (grade 3), Streptomyces scabies: medium resistant (grade 2); tuber shape (Figure 2): round; skin color: yellow; flesh color: pale yellow; eyes: intermediate depth; dry matter: high (19-20 %) and potential yield: 35 t ha-1.

Figure 2 New cv. “Tula”: tuber shape and colors 

Received: September 29, 2021; Accepted: October 09, 2021

*Autor para correspondencia:

Creative Commons License Este es un artículo publicado en acceso abierto bajo una licencia Creative Commons