SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.30 suppl.1Efecto de extractos de Eugenia winzerlingii Standl contra Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)Toxicidad aguda del aceite esencial de Pimienta dioica (L) Merr sobre Cosmopolites sordidus Germ y Metamasius hemipterus Oliv índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados



  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Revista de Protección Vegetal

versión On-line ISSN 2224-4697

Rev. Protección Veg. vol.30  supl.1 La Habana dic. 2015




Insecticidal activity of Melaleuca leucadendron and Citrus reticulata essential oils against larvae of Plutella xylostella


Actividad insecticida de aceites esenciales de Melaleuca leucadendron y Citrus reticulata sobre larvas de Plutella xylostella



Claudio Augusto Gomes da CâmaraI,II*, João Paulo Ramos de MeloII**, Milena Martins Correia da SilvaI

IDepartamento de Química, Rua Dom Manoel De Medeiros, S/n, 52171-900 Recife, PE, Brasil. *E-mail:
IIPrograma de Pós-Graduação em Entomologia Agrícola. Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), 52171-900 Recife, PE, Brasil. **E-mail:



Plutella xylostella, commonly known as the diamondback moth, is one of the most important pests of cruciferous crops in irrigated farming in the Northeast of Brazil at the municipality of Garanhuns-Pernambuco, causing direct damage to cabbage, with losses as much as 100%. The synthetic insecticides have been the main control strategy for this pest. The use of these insecticides has facilitated the emergence of generations of more resistant insects and caused the contamination of crops with toxic residues, thereby placing human health at risk. In order to establish new control practices with lower mammalian toxicity and low persistence in the environment, essential oils extracted from plants have been widely tested as an alternative to these synthetic insecticides. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the insecticidal effects of leaf and peel essential oils of Melaleuca leucadendron and Citrus reticulata on third instar of P. xylostella 24h after treatment. Results were compared with deltamethrin (Decis 25 E.C.) and azadirachtin (Azamax) as positive controls.The leaf disc immersion method was used to determine toxicity of larvae. All evaluated oils showed insecticidal activity against larvae of P. xylostella since they caused significant mortality (p < 0.05), higher than the negative control (methanol). The Citrus peel oil was 5.8 fold more active than Melaleuca leaf oil. When the oils were compared with the standard of efficiency (Decis 25 E.C. and Azamax), we found that toxicity of Citrus oil on larvae was 1.6 fold more active than the commercial insecticide Decis 25 E.C. On the other hand, Azamax was only 1.6 fold more active than Citrus oil. The Citrus oil showed a strong insecticidal activity against P. xylostella 24h after treatment, hence demonstrated potential for its development as a botanical insecticide. However further studies are needed, especially to evaluate the cost/benefit ratio regarding its use in the integrated pest management.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License