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Vaccimonitor

versión impresa ISSN 1025-028Xversión On-line ISSN 1025-0298

Vaccimonitor v.12 n.2 Ciudad de la Habana abr.-jun. 2003

 

ARTICULOS ORIGINALES

 

Vacunas contra el virus dengue: desarrollo histórico.

Vaccines against dengue virus: History.

 

Alicia Aguilar, Nevis Amin, Ela María Pérez

Instituto Finlay. Centro de Investigación Producción de Vacunas y Sueros. Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba. E-mail: elaperez@finlay.edu.cu


RESUMEN

La Fiebre del Dengue (FD) y la Fiebre Hemorrágica del Dengue (FHD) han emergido como la principal enfermedad viral transmitida por artrópodos que afecta al hombre. Las características de la enfermedad, la ausencia de drogas antivirales contra la misma, el incremento en el número de enfermos, de países afectados y la dificultad para el control del vector han convertido el desarrollo de vacunas contra el dengue en una prioridad para la salud pública mundial. Los intentos para lograr este objetivo datan de mediados del siglo pasado para lo cual han sido exploradas diferentes estrategias. A pesar de los avances realizados al respecto mucho queda por aclarar y definir para disponer de un inmunógeno contra el virus.


Palabras claves: dengue, vacuna


ABSTRACT

Dengue Fever (DF) and Dengue Haemorragic Fever (DHF) have emerged as the most important human viral diseases transmitted by arthropod vectors. The characteristics of this disease, plus the absence of effective antiviral drugs, the increase in the number of cases, affected countries and the difficulties for vector control have made the development of dengue vaccines a public health priority. Since the middle of the past century many strategies have been explored to achieve this objective. In spite of the advances in this field, there is much research to be done in order to have available an immunogen against dengue.

Keywords: dengue, vaccine.


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