ISSN 1561-3194
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Scope and editorial policy

Papers (works) must be unpublished and, when accepted, should not be submitted to other journals to its publication, unless the editorial committee of the journal authorizes. The following categories of papers are accepted to be published:
Original article
Review article
Up to date articles of Social, Humanities and Pedagogical Sciences
Case reports
Collaborations of professionals abroad
Local history of health care
Letters to the Editor
Leading article

The maximum will be up to 15 pages in length for the original papers, 12 for the reviews and 4 for the case reports, all categories accept tables and charts.




Assembling and submitting the manuscript format and style

Title page or front page

The title page should include the full name of the institution sponsoring the manuscript or the institutional affiliation of the author; title of the article, full name(s) and surname(s) of each author with the Arabic consecutive number in the super-index identifying the authors at the end of each name; next at three spaces, the same Arabic number will be used in super-index when corresponds for every author; pointing out occupational profile, teaching rank, most important academic degrees and institutional affiliation, locality’s name and e-mail address of the main author and co-authors whenever possible.


The persons listed as authors would comply with the corresponding requisites of the right of authorship and its logic, as well as the relevant professional link with the topic dealing with. It is required that each author participate during the preparation of the paper in sufficient degree to assume the public responsibility for its content. Up to five (5) authors are admitted in the manuscript only.
The inscription of the main author in the journal makes him/her to assume the full acceptance of the Declaration of Authorship and together with the co-authors, the responsibilities before any facts or applicable complaint for its contents and ethics. Every part of the article that is decisive in respect of the main conclusions should be of authors’ responsibility.
In an article of collective authorship of more than five authors, who respond for the content of the manuscript as a result of a research work, if it is the intention of the main authors, the other individuals who contributed may be acknowledged one by one in the section ACKNOWLEDGEMENT, reflected after the discussion.

The order in which the authors are listed should be a conjoint decision of them, providing that the basic, professional and the relevant criteria of authorship are known.

Abstract and key words
A structured abstract up to 250 words in length follows, specifying the sections according to the type of article proposed. It must be written in impersonal style, without abbreviations, with references to the main text, footnotes or bibliography.
The purpose of the study or research will be indicated; basic procedures (selection of subjects matters; observation and analytical methods); the most important results (to offer specific data, and if possible statistical significance); and the main conclusions. Emphasis on new and important aspects of the study or observations must be placed.

After the abstract, 3 to 10 words or short phrases properly labelled should be added which help the indexers to classify the article, which will be published together with the abstract. Use to this aim the terms of the list “Health Sciences Descriptors” (DeCS)
However; in case of terms of recent appearance not included in such list, common expressions can be used.

The text of observational and experimental articles is generally divided, though not by force, in the following sections: introduction, material and method, results, discussion and list of references. In large articles might be necessary to add subtitles within these sections, in those of the results and discussion over all, with the purpose of showing the clearest content.


Express the aim of the article. Sum up the logic background of the study or observation. Mention the strictly relevant references, without making an extensive review of the object of study. Include neither data nor conclusions of the work you are conducting. Be brief, it should not be more than a page, you should only provide the necessary explanation so that the reader can understand the text that follows. The scientific problem is made known and justified leaving the clear importance or the latest ideas to carry out the study. It should not include tables or figures. Include a last paragraph stating the objective of the work clearly.

Material and method
Classify the type of research accurately. Describe the ways subjects under observation or participating in the experiments, target group (patients or lab animals, witnesses included) and the sample were chosen, explain the method used to chose them, if necessary. Identify the methods, the devices (name and address of the manufacturer in parentheses and its calibration or norm of quality control, to validate what you are measuring or weighting), and the procedures with sufficient details to other researchers can reproduce the results. Keep in mind the importance of this aspect to publish the proposed manuscript. Provide references of the methods proved, including those used for the statistical analysis when it is not a well-known method by the readers and briefly explain the methods previously published, but not well-known; describe the new methods or substantially modified, giving the reasons they were used and assessing its limitations. Identify all medications and chemical products used correctly, without omitting generic names, dosage and administration routes.

In case of informing about human being-related experiments, lab animals or others, indicate the procedure used to ensure adherence to ethical guidelines of the committee (institutional or regional) that supervises human being- experimentations or with the Declaration of Helsinki-1975, amended in 1983.
Occasionally, detailed descriptions or photographs of individual patients, either whole or parts of the body (physiognomic features), constitute key documentation in the articles of medical journals. The use of such materials can lead to reveal the identity of the patient, sometimes indirectly, through a combination of apparently innocuous data.
Patients (and their families) have the right to remain anonymous in the clinical documentation published. Details that may identify patients should be avoided, unless they are essential for scientific purposes. Covering the eyes of the patients in the photographs may be an insufficient protection for the anonymity.
If the identification of patients is inevitable, it is compulsory to obtain the authorization of the patient with an inform consent, affirming that such consent was obtained and it must be submitted with the manuscript. Patients’ data will not be modified in order to protect his/her anonymity. The Journal reserves the right of publishing or not an article on the grounds that ethical or experimental standards have not been reached.

The reason of the publication in the scientific articles is the basis of this heading. In some manuscripts a great number of results are obtained, which compels the author to choose the most important and accurate information according to the objectives proposed. In the text, tables, graphics and illustrations, will be used to present the results following a logic sequence and not more than the necessary, up to five. Do not repeat the data from the charts or the illustrations in the text: only highlight or sum up the most important observations. Write in accordance with the objectives, do not read the reader, guide the results achieved based on facts to understand them better. Results should be brief and clear. 

The results of the research should be discussed by the author/authors. The interpretation of the facts where the author describes his/her competence and experience will be established. Putting emphasis on the new and important aspects that characterize the study and on the conclusions derived from these aspects in an appropriate order. Do not repeat details of the data or any other information previously presented in the introduction and results sections. To show the existing connection with the facts presented. In this section you should give explanation about the own opinions concerning the area under discussion; explain the meaning of the results and their limitations, comprising their consequences for a future research. Relate the observations to other pertinent studies. Establish the connection among the conclusions with the objectives of the study, but refrain from expressing general statements and extract conclusions which are not completely backed by data or omitted in the results. Do not claim for any type of origin or mention papers that are not concluded. Propose new hypotheses when there is a justification for them, but identify them clearly as such. This section includes, together with the discussion, the conclusions that summarize the assessment and repercussion of the manuscript, which must be inferred in the discussion. It is not necessary to present them apart, but should be mentioned in the abstract. When appropriate and significant some recommendations could be included.

It is a very important section to recognize persons and institutions that provided support to the development of the manuscript, but not reaching the condition of authorship. The collaborations that the authors wish to recognize can be specified, but do not justify authorship, the general support of the department in chief; those who have provided technical and material support specifying their disposition; and the financial relations that might raise conflict of interests.
The persons who provided intellectual collaborations to the article, but whose participation does not justify the authorship, can be cited by their names, adding function or type of collaboration; for example, “scientific advice”, “critical review of the proposal to conduct the study”, “data collection” or “participation in the clinical assay” or “literature review”. These persons should give permission to be named.
The authors will be responsible for obtaining the authorization of the persons named, since the readers can take for granted these persons support data and conclusions as well, therefore, they assume the responsibility as a declaration of authorship subsequently.The acknowledgement for technical assistance will have a separate paragraph as a testimony of gratitude for other contributions.

Bibliographic references

Vancouver's standards will be used for the references of the citations. Number references consecutively following the order mentioned first in the text, using Arabian number and super-index. Abstain from utilizing the summaries as references. Do not cite any persons as a reference or the unpublished observations neither the personal communications. On the other hand, you can insert in the text (in parentheses) the references to written, non-verbal communications in the case of the field of Social Sciences. You should include in the references the accepted articles although not yet published. In this case, indicate the journal's title and add "at the press" in parentheses. The information on manuscripts presented to a journal but not yet been accepted should be cited in the text as unpublished observations (in parentheses).

The original works should contain up to 20 citations, the reviews 25-50, and the case reports 10. Citations of published documents should be included with over 75% of updating. The bibliographic references on line must contain URL, dates of publication and access to consultation, so that they allow the editors and the readers to access to the referred article. The works not fitting to these instructions will return to the authors themselves. The accepted works will be processed according to the standards established by our Editorial Department. The uniform requirements before indicated are recommended to the authors in order to make easy the writing of the original. Our Editorial Department has the rights over the original works published in its journal. The source journal should be mentioned for total or partial reproduction and send one (1) printed issue to our address.


The charts include summarized data efficiently presented, with desired levels of information and accuracy. Using data in charts, instead of texts, allows reducing their length. Web-chart auto format 1 style should be used. Charts should be numbered with consecutively Arabic numbers, following the order by which they have first been cited in the text. Each chart should include a brief title. Explanations should be presented in chart footnotes, not in titles or headlines. Chart footnotes should explain all unusual abbreviations. For chart footnotes, the following symbols, following the order of presentation, should be used: *, †, ‡, §,||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡.

Statistical measures, such as standard deviation or mean standard error, should be appropriately identified. Authors should be sure that each chart has been conveniently referred to in the text. If charts present data from other sources, published or not, their copyright and acknowledgement of use is required. Decimals should be separated by commas instead of periods. The sources mentioned in chart foots are referred to secondary registers.

Pictures and pictures should be elaborated or taken with professional quality, or present digital reproductions with picture quality. Pictures (as charts) should be sent or handed-in in the corresponding electronic files, in a format allowing the reproduction of high quality images in the journal’s electronic issue (i.e. jpeg or gif). The authors should verify these images have the required quality standards.

In the cases of radiographies, echographies and other diagnostic imaging techniques, and pictures of pathological specimen or microphotography, black-and-white or color, clear and satin reproductions should be used, generally in size 127 X 173 mm. Letters, figures and symbols included in the pictures should be clear and uniform, and have de appropriate size so that each character could be legible in the reduced version of the published article. The pictures should be explanatory, since many will be directly showed as slides for scientific presentations. However, the titles and detailed explanations should be included in inscriptions, not in the pictures’ bodies.

The microphotographies should have scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters included in microphotographies should stand out of the back.

If pictures of people are used, the latter should not be identifiable, or the corresponding authorization should be present in written form that allows it use. If possible, a specific permit should be obtained for the publishing of these materials.

The pictures footnotes should be consecutively numbered, following the order by which they have first been cited in the text. If a previously published picture is used, the original source should be mentioned, and the copyright document should be sent with the manuscript, with the authorization for reproducing the material. At least it is a document of public view, this authorization is required no matter which the publishing house or the authors are.

The pictures should include the inscription below, after the source. When symbols, arrows, numbers or letters are used to identify parts of the picture, their meaning should be clearly explained in the inscriptions. The inner scale of the picture should also be explained.

Units of measurement
Metric units (metres, kilograms, or litters) or their decimals should be used for length, height, mass, and volume measures. Temperature should be expressed in Celsius degrees. Blood pressure should be measures in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). All the results of laboratory clinical tests should be given in IS-permitted units. To use any traditional unit, they should be written in parentheses. E.g.: glycemia: 5, 55 mmol/L (100mg/100 mL).

Abbreviations and symbols
Only common abbreviations should be used; the use of little usual abbreviations could be extremely confusing for the readers. The authors must avoid the use of abbreviations in the work title. The first time that an abbreviation appears in the text must be preceded for the complete term one refers to, except in the case of common units of measurement. The works not fitting to these instructions will be mailed to the authors so that they will be able to pick up in a period of ten days, after this time they will not be kept.

Some important aspects to have in account for writing the works:

Write clearly and concisely. Use the impersonal style.
Avoid the abuse of the passive voice.
Take care of the use of the capital letter
Remember using the agreement between gender, number and subject.
Do not overuse participles and gerunds.
Avoid the incorrect use of prepositions.
Avoid the long sentences and the excessive subordinations.
Utilize the convenient punctuation marks to separate enunciates correctly.

Original article

You will include: Abstract - Introduction- Methods - Results - Discussion - Bibliographic References (20 references). Each one of them will start of consecutive form, except the front page (Institution, title, authors, the authors' categories and affiliation). The maximum length of works will be of to 15 pages, the authors will have to adjust to the methodology and length for an original article.

Review article

It is written as requested by the Editorial Committee and meets a territorial need for bibliographical updating in both medical specialties and the training of the staff in our area.

It is the article referring the documents published, it offers a critical evaluation of the works published, compiling, examining and synthesizing the state of the art of a theme in particular. The purpose of revision, sources and methods of quest of the references will have to be indicated. This type of article must include: Title, summary, introduction and development (by aspects). The work may include charts and pictures. The review article must be elaborated with the most updated bibliography on the discussed theme. Enlarge the introduction; suppress materials and methods (unless they present original data). Suppress results and enlarge the discussion. Its fundamental characteristic is to use the largest quantity of bibliographic references. It should contain 25-50 citation; they tend to be long, 10-50 pages.

The review article, although sometimes it can contain new data, has as its purpose, to examine the bibliography previously published and to place it in a certain perspective, offering a critical evaluation of the object of study, and it must arrive to important conclusions based on the analyzed works.

Up to date articles of Social, Humanities and Pedagogical Sciences

Their purpose is to divulge innovative topics, of great use and importance for the scientific community in the professional sphere in medical training. It should include Abstract, Introduction (basing the reason for the topic), Development, Conclusions and Bibliographic References (up to 25 citations).

Case reports

These are articles describing one or several clinical cases of exceptional observation, or innovative aspect of a previously known disease or syndrome, which represent a contribution of especial interest to the knowledge on the topic or the process described. Before writing a case report, one should be sure that it really is worthy to be published. Brevity should be the fundamental characteristic of this type of article. Its structure includes:
Abstract- a brief presentation of the case. Introduction- it briefly explains the importance and utility of the topic. The patient’s history is clearly and simply presented, watching on the narrative and logical sequence, describing the clinical manifestations and the surgical procedures, the results of the complementary tests and the necropsy (in case of decease).
Comments (discussion) - to analyze the exceptional character of the described topic and offer possible explanations. The maximum text extension should be 7-8 pages, and up to 10 bibliographic references are to be cited.

Collaborations of professionals abroad

These articles may be included among the previous ones, but remitted by professionals on experiences or activities related to their collaboration abroad in any of types of international cooperation of the country. These works should fulfil the requirements established in presentation of the manuscript and they may be presented by a representative of the unit of origin of the author in his/her absence.

Local history of health care

This category is an option offered by the editorial committee to stimulate authors or collective of authors, health-care professionals, on topics related to the local history of institutions, personalities or facts, specialties or incidences of the process of formation of the human resources than, as having occurred in a locality or province, they deserve to be seen as treasure testimonies for the local history of health care.

Letters to the Editor

These reflect comments or objections to articles published in the journal. They are published with the aim at allowing the interchange of knowledge and experiences among the authors and the readers of any publication. They may contain up to three pages, be written by one or two authors and backed up by bibliographic references.

Leading article

It may be of scientific or opinion contents, written by the director or by another professional as requested by the editorial Committee of the journal. Scientific editorials. They suppose a rigorous updating or an interesting emphasis on a specific topic. Editorials of opinion. These include social-scientific points of view or stands of the scientific community on a certain topic of common interest for health care scholars and professionals. The editorials will be made as requested by the editorial Committee to Pinar del Rio Journal of Medical Sciences. They should have a maximum length of four pages and may include up to four pictures or charts.

Frequency of publication

The contents of each issue will be visualized on finishing the compilation, after the three-month period established for each issuing.

Policy of open system access

This journal provides free and immediate access to its content under the free principle of making available the scientific knowledge to the community, and it supports a wider interchange of global knowledge. This means its copy and distribution is permitted by any means, whenever their authors are acknowledged, without using the works commercially or modifying them at all.


Manuscript messaging

Manuscripts will be sent by email, together with the permission issued by the Scientific Council of the institution to which the article and document of authorship declaration are credited, as issued by its President. One should write only on one face of the sheet. For both presentations, one should use 1.5 spaces along the whole manuscript, Verdana font type, size 10, with margins at 2, 5 cm, with 28-30 lines by page. The digital version in Microsoft Word, without indentation, tabulators or any other attribute of design (centered titles, justifications, spaces between paragraphs or others). The pages should be consecutively numbered, beginning by the title page on the inferior right angle. If the manuscripts are printed and digital with the mentioned documents as established for presentation, they will be received by the Secretary of the Editorial Department and a register's receipt will be given. Acceptance and registry of the work is the initial step in the editorial process for its selection and does not mean the approval for its publication.

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