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Revista Cubana de Cirugía

Print version ISSN 0034-7493On-line version ISSN 1561-2945

Abstract

ROCHA REMON, Pável; COCA GRANADO, Rafael Michel  and  FONSECA PISCH, Alejandro José. Epidemiological and Clinical-therapeutic Characterization of Malignant Neoplasm in the Salivary Glands. Rev Cubana Cir [online]. 2019, vol.58, n.2, e755.  Epub June 01, 2019. ISSN 0034-7493.

Introduction:

Malignant neoplasms in the salivary glands are among the first ten locations of cancer incidence.

Objective:

To describe the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic behavior of malignant salivary gland tumors in patients older than 15 years in Sancti Spiritus Province between 2012 and 2105.

Methods:

An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample consisted of 39 patients older than 15 years, with salivary gland neoplasms and who attended the maxillofacial surgery service between January 1st, 2012 and December 31st, 2015.

Results:

The male sex and the age range between 45-64 years predominated. The municipalities with the highest number of patients were Sancti Spiritus and Cabaiguán. 23.1% of workers are exposed to sunlight and chemicals. The most frequent clinical parameters were volume increase, discomfort, localized pain. The parotid gland was the most frequent anatomical onset site and the mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most recurrent of the malignant neoplasms in the salivary glands. The two-year overall survival was 84.1%.

Conclusions:

Malignant neoplasms of salivary glands constitute a health concern in the central region of the country. More than half of the cases are diagnosed in advanced stages due, in part, to the rural origin (hard-to-reach areas) of much of the sample. Survival rates are coincident with international parameters.

Keywords : malignant neoplasms; salivary glands; Sancti Spiritus.

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