Revista Cubana de Estomatología
On-line version ISSN 1561-297X
LAUZARDO GARCIA DEL PRADO, Gema et al. La sobredentadura, una opción válida en Estomatología. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2003, vol.40, n.3, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-297X.
Our literature review stems from the importance given to overdenture as a real choice of dental rehabilitation at the reach of general dentists and specialists to help to reduce the rate of toothless people in our population. An overdenture is a removable denture- either partial or complete- similar to conventional denture except that the bases cover one or more tooth roots retained to support it. Keeping teeth as part of the residual alveolar ridge contributes to reduce the speed of alveolar reabsorption and to maintain propioceptive pulses, which allows to preserve directional discrimination, tactile sensitivity to the load and differentiation of food thickness and consistency almost in the same way as in patients having natural dentition. Thus patients get accustomed to overdenture more easily. To preserve alveolar bone means to decrease the occurrence of trauma affecting the remaining tissue, and to increase support, retention and stability of denture. Therefore, overdenture is a rapid and preserving solution for multiple congenital and acquired defects and additionally, they are used as temporary dentures. However, caries and periodontal diseases are the main problems found in this type of dentures. The preservation of the pillars greatly depends on motivation and dexterity of the patient to maintain good oral hygiene.
Keywords : overdenture overlay denture; partial edentulous; hybrid denture; telescopic denture; dentosupported denture.