Revista Cubana de Estomatología
On-line version ISSN 1561-297X
COMPANIONI BACHA, Alberto E; TORRALBAS VELAZQUEZ, Alicia and SANCHEZ MESA, Carlos. Relation between the aureal proportion and the facial index in students of Stomatology of La Habana. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2010, vol.47, n.1, pp. 50-61. ISSN 1561-297X.
Aurous proportion has been used in the orthodontic diagnosis as an important variable to decide the choice treatment. Objective: To assess the relation between the presence of a divine proportion and the morphologic facial type. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in 70 students from the Odontology Faculty (Facultad de Estomatología) of La Habana. The facial type founded was compared with the presence or not of the divine proportion (1,618) between the head height and the zygomatic width. Results: The euryprosopic and the mesoprosopic facial types were the more represented (38.57 % each). The 65.71 % of total had an aureal proportion (female sex with 66.67 % and male sex with 64 %) similar to the 74.07 % of mesoprosopic ones and the 62.96 % of euryprosopic ones. In the case of the female sex the three facial types significantly fulfilled (p< 0.05) with the proportion parameters and in the male sex only the mesoprosopic ones for a 80.00 %. Conclusions: The euryprosopic and mesoprosopic facial types were the most of the study sample with predominance of students with the divine proportion in study measurements, in male sex it to stand out in the mesoprosopic ones with a higher diagnostic significance.
Keywords : Aureal proportion; facial index; suitable proportion; morphologic facial type.