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Revista Cubana de Estomatología

Print version ISSN 0034-7507On-line version ISSN 1561-297X


TRUJILLO HERNANDEZ, Margarita et al. Histological Findings’ Associated with Gingivectomy with Er, Cr: YSGG (2780 nm) Laser. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2020, vol.57, n.3, e3142.  Epub Sep 01, 2020. ISSN 0034-7507.


When performing a surgical intervention, the cutting instrument used is especially important, since it is associated with intraoperative and postoperative signs and symptoms and to the time of tissue repair. In response to this, new instruments have been proposed over time, particularly laser technology has been undergoing rapid and significant advancement and is currently used for countless dental treatments. Laser has been attributed different advantages in periodontal cosmetic surgery: from facilitating the hemostasis process, to stimulating the tissue repair process. However, it is pertinent to carry out studies that prove, at histological level, the changes in the oral mucosa and obtain information that allows us to know how it influences the tissue repair process.


To describe the histological findings associated with the Er, Cr: YSGG (2780 nm) laser cut in gum samples obtained by gingivectomy.

Case presentation:

Female patient, 21 years old, systemically healthy. She attended the consultation for presenting aesthetic dissatisfaction when smiling. She was diagnosed with exposure of keratinized gum band greater than 4 mm. As part of the treatment plan, Er, Cr: YSGG (Waterlase®, BIOLASE®, 2780 nm) laser gingivectomy was indicated. The procedure was performed only under topical anesthesia. Histological samples of gingival tissue were taken for histological analysis.


The Er, Cr: YSGG (2780 nm) laser preserved the morphology of the fibroblasts after the cut. There was no evidence of carbonization or deepening of the thermal injury in the tissue. In this case, this instrument was a very useful tool for the performance of the treatment. It had important advantages, such as the absence of postoperative pain, good hemostasis, and almost complete epithelial repair in just four days.

Keywords : laser; laser therapy; yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser; gingivectomy; histology.

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