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Revista Cubana de Farmacia

Print version ISSN 0034-7515


GIRALDO VASQUEZ, Lina Marcela  and  RAMIREZ ARISTIZABAL, Luz Stella. Evaluation of antioxidant activity of Palicourea guianensis (Rubiaceae) extracts. Rev Cubana Farm [online]. 2013, vol.47, n.4, pp.483-491. ISSN 0034-7515.

Introduction: the proliferation of free radicals in the human body induces oxidative damage to biomolecules that cause damage at the cellular level and can generate various abnormalities in the body, such as atherosclerosis, aging and cancer. Currently, the search for molecules with antioxidant properties is increasing, where the plants are a major source of compounds. Objective: to determine the antioxidant activity and phenolic content of extracts of different polarities from the aerial part of Palicourea guianensis (Rubiaceae) species. Methods: for evaluation of the biological activity, the values of the mean inhibitory concentration (IC50) of the most active extracts were estimated by the methods of electron capture DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhidracyl) and ABTS (2,2'azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid). Additionally, the total phenol concentration present in the extracts was determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Results: the extracts in ethyl acetate (PgAEF) and in water (PgAF) showed higher antioxidant activity with IC50 values of 5 207 and 3 912 mg/L respectively. Furthermore, there was direct relationship between the concentration of total phenols present in the extracts and the antioxidant activity. Conclusions: Rubiaceae family species, especially P. guianensis are a promising and important source of secondary metabolites with antioxidant capacity, so further studies are required to identify these substances and integrate them to the antioxidant therapy programs of the health areas.

Keywords : antioxidant activity; Palicourea guianensis; DPPH; ABTS; Folin-Ciocalteu.

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