Revista Cubana de Medicina
On-line version ISSN 1561-302X
SUAREZ BEYRIES, Lidia et al. Leucemias agudas en pacientes mayores de 60 años. Rev cubana med [online]. 2003, vol.42, n.1, pp. 18-26. ISSN 1561-302X.
A descriptive study was carried out in 50 patients with acute leukemia aged 66 years as an average at the time of diagnosis. It was proved that non-lymphoblastic leukemia affected 80% of cases whereas 22,5% of them had a history of myelodisplastic syndrome or of other hematological disorders. Anemia was detected in 88% of patients and high serum lactic dehydrogenase levels in 60% of cases. Visceromegalia was more frequent in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Patients with acute lymmphoblastic leukemia did not show complete remission, with an average survival rate of less than 2 months. On the contrary, complete remission was attained in 22,5% of cases with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the average survival rate was 8 months approximately. Unfavourable prognosis and high mortality rate among elderly with this disease were confirmed.
Keywords : LEUKEMIA, NON- LYMPHOCYTIC, ACUTE [diagnosis]; LEUKEMIA; LYMPHOCYTIC, ACUTE [diagnosis]; AGED; SURVIVAL ANALYSIS.