Revista Cubana de Pediatría
On-line version ISSN 1561-3119
FUENTES MARTINEZ, Dania et al. Conducción nerviosa en niños con insuficiencia renal crónica. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2002, vol.74, n.2, pp. 115-121. ISSN 1561-3119.
Uremic polyneuropathy is the most frequent neurological complication of the chronic renal failure but its prevalence, symptoms and neurophysiological patterns of expression in the pediatric population are not well known. This is the reason why 23 patients aged 7-21 years with chronic renal failure at different stages and 23 supposedly healthy children were studied to look for clinical or subclinical peripheral neuropathy. General physical and neurological exams were made and sensory and motor conduction velocities were measured. The prevailing symptoms were pain on walking(55,5%) and paresthesias (44,4%) mainly found in dialysis-dependent patients. All the studied groups showed disturbed peripheral nerve function whereas correlation between sensory conduction rate and mean values of urea, creatinine and glomerural filtrate was significant. Also, significant differences between mean values of sensory conduction velocity of pre-dialysis and dialysis-dependent groups and the control group but there was no significant difference between pre-dialysis and renal transplanted groups. Subject headings
Keywords : POLYNEUROPATHIES; KIDNEY FAILURE,CHRONIC; NEURAL CONDUCTION; UREMIA; CHILD.