Revista Cubana de Pediatría
On-line version ISSN 1561-3119
POZO ALONSO, Albia; POZO LAUZAN, Desiderio and OLIVA PEREZ, Maritza. Clinical and electroencephalographic features of focal epilepsy present in children. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2009, vol.81, n.2, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3119.
INTRODUCTION: The aim of present paper was to characterize a group of patients presenting with focal epilepsies by clinical and electroencephalographic features. METHODS: Authors made a descriptive and cross-sectional study in 185 children diagnosed with focal epilepsy (two or more non-provoked epilepsy crises), aged from one month to 14, admitted in Neurology Department of "William Soler" Children Hospital between December 2001 to December 2003. RESULTS: Mean age of the first epilepsy crisis was at 5 years. The more frequent type of focal epilepsy crisis was the simple one (49, 2%). The 48, 6% of children presented with a idiopathic origin, and the 33, 0% if symptomatic one. The more frequent factors of symptomatic origin were the prenatal ones (56, 2%). The 91, 4% of patients had abnormal interictal initial electroencephalograms. The focal electroencephalogram was observed in the 37, 3% of children, and the multifocal one in the 24, 9%. The more frequent epileptic syndrome was the benign epilepsy with central-temporal waves (5, 9%). CONCLUSIONS: Children presenting with epilepsy have many clinical and electroencephalographic manifestations and in most of patients it is not possible to identify an epilepsy syndrome.
Keywords : Focal epilepsies; focal epilepsy syndromes; focal epilepsy crisis.