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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7531On-line version ISSN 1561-3119


PINEDA PEREZ, Eloy; GUTIERREZ BARO, Elsa  and  DIAZ FRANCO, Ada María. Educational strategy for control and prevention of infantile maltreatment aimed to parents of children presenting with Dow's syndrome. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2011, vol.83, n.1, pp.22-33. ISSN 0034-7531.

INTRODUCTION. In spite of the fact that in Cuba there are politics of underage protection, even so there are infantile maltreatment behaviors. In the "Zunzún" nursery school there are children with Dow's syndrome and some of them have suffered some way of maltreatment caused by a family's member, thus, we made present research to know some characteristics of the child family environment, information on different ways of maltreatment known by family and to try to eliminate it after application of the designed educational strategy. METHOD. An educational intervention with a before-after design applied in 28 parents (24 mothers and 4 fathers; a progenitor by child) of children with Down's syndrome going to this institution. It had three phases and the application of three workshops. RESULTS. Most of parents recognized to have some information on this subject. Some associated risk factors were detected. Before workshops the maltreatment ways generally know by parents were the physical and sexual maltreatment; the actions inciting to infantile maltreatment included the failure to fulfill orders and other related to sexuality. After workshops the parent's knowledge improved significantly. CONCLUSIONS. The workshops were a significant educational strategy for a great knowledge of parents on the infantile maltreatment and its associated risk factors. Also, there was improvement in the possibility of families to control and to prevent the maltreatment. These strategies may be used for a harmonic education of parents of these children and they may be spread to other institutions where Down's children are treated or with specific adaptations to centers where handicapped children assist.

Keywords : Down's syndrome; infantile maltreatment; education to parents.

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